Richest Muslim Countries

Economic prosperity is a global phenomenon that transcends religious affiliations. The richness of a nation is typically gauged by its Gross Domestic Product (GDP), showcasing the overall economic activity within a country.

An examination of wealthy Muslim-majority countries, where Islam is the religion of most citizens, provides an intriguing insight into the economic diversity and wealth creation among these societies.


Renowned for its vast natural gas reserves and high-income economy, Qatar stands as the wealthiest Muslim-majority nation in the world.

This small Persian Gulf state boasts an impressive GDP per capita, making it one of the globe’s richest countries. The wealth of this nation can be largely attributed to its petroleum and liquefied natural gas exports which make up more than half of its total GDP.

Additionally, Qatar has invested heavily in sectors such as finance and real estate, diversifying its economy beyond fossil fuels. Its capital city Doha is a global hub for business and tourism, showcasing modern architecture alongside traditional Islamic designs.

Despite being rich in resources and financial assets, Qatar still faces significant socio-economic challenges including worker’s rights issues within its migrant labor population.


Situated at the northern edge of Eastern Arabia and the tip of the Persian Gulf, Kuwait boasts an economy heavily reliant on oil reserves, making it a high-income country with a well-developed infrastructure.

Oil accounts for approximately 90% of export revenues and half of its GDP. With proven crude oil reserves of about 102 billion barrels, Kuwait holds nearly 6% of world reserves.

Additionally, due to prudent fiscal planning and robust financial buffers, Kuwait has been able to maintain macroeconomic stability despite fluctuating oil prices.

Although rich in natural resources, efforts are ongoing to diversify its economy beyond hydrocarbons through initiatives like ‘Vision 2035’.

The small yet affluent nation ranks highly in regional comparisons for human development index (HDI).


Lying on the north coast of Borneo, Brunei is a nation characterized by its substantial reserves of oil and gas, which play a defining role in shaping its economy and socio-economic development.

The hydrocarbon sector accounts for over half of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), nearly all of its exports, and the vast majority of government revenues.

Complementing this wealth generated from natural resources is an equally robust financial sector that has been nurtured through careful policy measures.

As such, Brunei ranks among the richest Muslim-majority countries globally in terms of GDP per capita.

Nevertheless, efforts to diversify the economy are underway as part of the Vision 2035 strategy to reduce dependence on oil and gas reserves and build sustainable economic growth mechanisms.

United Arab Emirates

Occupying a strategic position on the Arabian Peninsula, the United Arab Emirates is recognized for its significant oil reserves and extensive investment in infrastructure, which have propelled it to become an economic powerhouse. The discovery of oil in the late 20th century led to a rapid economic transformation, with substantial revenues used to enhance education, healthcare, and public services.

GDP (PPP) per capita$69,900
Primary exportsCrude Oil and Natural Gas
Wealth Ranking (globally)3rd richest Muslim country
Major industriesPetroleum and petrochemicals

The UAE’s wealth also stems from non-oil sectors such as retail trade, tourism, and financial services in Dubai. As one of the most developed economies in the Middle East region, it serves as a hub for international business activities.


Bordering the Arabian Sea, Oman stands as a testament to the resilience and adaptability of economies that have been built on maritime trade, agriculture, fishing, and most recently, oil.

Recognized for its vast reserves of petroleum and natural gas, this nation ranks high among affluent Muslim countries globally. Despite grappling with limited rainfall and desert terrain, it has managed to diversify its economy significantly.

The government’s focus on sectors such as tourism and manufacturing has steered Oman towards sustainable growth. The Sultanate’s strategic location along key global shipping routes enhances its economic significance. Its exceptional blend of modern development with deep-rooted cultural heritage lures tourists from around the world.

Moreover, initiatives like Omani Vision 2040 aim to further propel economic progress by capitalizing on human potential and technological innovation.

Saudi Arabia

As the birthplace of Islam and home to two of its holiest shrines, Saudi Arabia wields significant influence over the geopolitical landscape while boasting a robust economy largely fueled by extensive petroleum reserves.

The nation’s vast oil wealth has allowed it to establish itself as one of the richest Muslim-majority countries globally. In 2020, Saudi Arabia was ranked as the world’s largest oil producer, contributing significantly to its Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Moreover, in recent years, under Vision 2030 initiated by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Saudi Arabia has been diversifying its economy beyond oil. This ambitious plan aims at sectors such as entertainment and tourism to bolster economic growth and provide a more sustainable future for this affluent Middle Eastern powerhouse.


Renowned for its pearls and as one of the earliest adopters of Islamic banking, Bahrain is a global financial hub with a keen focus on innovation and modernization.

As one of the richest Muslim countries in the world, it has managed to maintain steady economic growth primarily due to its robust finance sector, buoyed by comprehensive regulatory frameworks that promote transparency and efficiency.

Bahrain’s legacy: Known as ‘the island of pearls’, it holds deep cultural significance in pearl diving which has also contributed to its wealth.

Islamic Banking: Bahrain was among the pioneers in Islamic banking system which now plays a pivotal role in global finance.

Economic resilience: Despite being small geographically, Bahrain displays resilience through diversified economy beyond just oil.


Emerging from its historic past, Turkiye stands today as a vibrant nation where the echoes of ancient civilizations blend seamlessly with dynamic modernity, creating a rich tapestry of culture, tradition and innovation. As one of the richest Muslim countries globally, it boasts an impressive Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which can be attributed to its diverse economy encompassing sectors such as automotive, textile manufacturing, and agriculture.

Notably, Turkiye also thrives on its strategic location that bridges Europe and Asia. This geographical advantage has significantly contributed to establishing it as a major hub for trade and tourism.

Key Economic SectorsGDP Contribution
Textile Manufacturing10%
Tourism Industry12%

These figures underscore Turkiye’s robust economic prowess in the global landscape.


Situated in the northern part of Africa, Libya presents a complex socio-economic landscape marked by resource wealth, particularly petroleum, and ongoing political turmoil.

Despite enduring years of conflict and instability following the 2011 civil war, Libya remains one of the richest Muslim countries due to its abundant oil reserves which account for over 95% of revenue. The nation possesses substantial reserves estimated at approximately 48 billion barrels – among the largest globally. This has resulted in a high Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita compared to other African nations.

Nevertheless, wealth distribution is uneven with many Libyans living below poverty line. The current economic situation is further exacerbated by inadequate infrastructural development and pervasive corruption that hinder efforts towards comprehensive economic reform and diversification.


Distinguished by its vibrant economy and multicultural society, Malaysia, located in Southeast Asia, boasts a dynamic fusion of tradition and progress.

As one of the richest Muslim countries globally, it has carved out an economic niche for itself through several avenues.

  1. Manufacturing Industry: Malaysia is well-regarded as a global hub for electronics manufacturing, contributing significantly to its GDP.
  2. Natural Resources: The country’s wealth is also derived from its abundant natural resources like petroleum and palm oil.
  3. Tourism: Being culturally diverse with beautiful landscapes, Malaysia attracts millions of tourists annually which strengthens their economy.
  4. Financial Services: Its strategic location at the crossroads of major trade routes has made it a thriving center for finance and commerce within the region.

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